Goodness okay, that took a while. But luckily, Sandy never knocked out my power for long. It just left me with a lot of time on my hands and nothing to do so I decided to go through this process thing and I hope this answers your questions.
So yeah, the biggest change definitely happens from sketch to lineart. And as for the second anon, most of what I do is traditional and for my coloring, I just use the default Hard Round Brush and occasionally the airbrush.
As for effects, I normally use this texture. I just really like the colors it creates when I set it to “Soft Light” and lower the layer’s opacity a bit.
I know I’m not the best at explaining this but if you have any more specific questions, feel free to message me off-anon!